First Business Reports Third Quarter 2016 Results

Company Release - 10/27/2016 5:20 PM ET

MADISON, Wis., Oct. 27, 2016 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- First Business Financial Services, Inc. (the "Company" or "First Business") (NASDAQ:FBIZ), the parent company of First Business Bank, First Business Bank - Milwaukee and Alterra Bank (“Alterra”), today reported third quarter results which included elevated credit costs at Alterra, prudent operating expense management, investments to enhance the Small Business Administration (“SBA”) lending platform and high-quality loan production.

Highlights for the quarter ended September 30, 2016 include:

  • Net income totaled $2.5 million, compared to $4.4 million for the third quarter of 2015.
  • Diluted earnings per common share measured $0.29, compared to $0.50 for the third quarter of 2015.
  • Provision for loan and lease losses was $3.5 million, up from $287,000 for the third quarter of 2015, driven by increased specific reserves and charge-offs related to three relationships originated at Alterra. First Business Bank and First Business Bank - Milwaukee continued to have strong asset quality.
  • During the third quarter of 2016, the Company recognized a $3.6 million historic tax credit that resulted in a net benefit totaling $430,000, or $0.05 per share, after consideration of the $3.2 million impairment of the underlying tax credit investment.
  • Annualized return on average assets and annualized return on average equity measured 0.56% and 6.38%, respectively, compared to 1.02% and 11.93%, respectively, for the third quarter of 2015.
  • Top line revenue, consisting of net interest income and non-interest income, totaled $18.9 million, compared to $18.7 million for the third quarter of 2015. 
  • The Company’s efficiency ratio measured 63.6%, compared to 64.8% for the third quarter of 2015.
  • Period-end gross loans and leases receivable grew for the eighteenth consecutive quarter to $1.458 billion, up 6% from September 30, 2015.
  • Net interest margin measured 3.50%, compared to 3.61% for the third quarter of 2015.
  • Non-performing assets as a percent of total assets measured 1.54% at period end, compared to 0.65% at September 30, 2015.

“First Business has long delivered superior asset quality as a result of our talented employees, deep commercial client relationships and disciplined underwriting,” said Corey Chambas, President and Chief Executive Officer. “Unfortunately, the increased reserves on certain loans at our Alterra subsidiary significantly impacted our bottom line. We are taking action to further enhance our policies, processes, controls, training, talent and reporting structures to help ensure First Business’s proven credit culture and discipline are instilled throughout the Company. In order to meet market demand and drive high-quality growth in 2017 and beyond, we are working to ensure future growth is achieved in the way that has historically served our company and shareholders well. Consequently, we have temporarily slowed our SBA production while making investments to enhance the infrastructure, processes, capacity and scalability of the SBA platform.”

“We see great opportunities for Alterra and the Kansas City market, including its SBA lending platform, and we are committed to maximizing this potential. We continue to execute our growth strategy, further building-out our scalable franchise and working to grow long-term shareholder value,” Chambas added.

Results of Operations

Net interest income of $15.3 million decreased 2.8% compared to the linked quarter and increased 4.7% compared to the third quarter of 2015. The linked quarter comparison reflects elevated second quarter 2016 prepayment fees collected in lieu of interest from loan payoffs and a decline in average loan and lease yields during the third quarter of 2016, partially offset by a decline in the rate paid on non-maturity interest-bearing deposits. Compared to the third quarter of 2015, net interest income benefited from a $98.3 million, or 7.2%, increase in average loan and lease balances, which more than offset the decline in average loan and lease yields and decrease in net accretion/amortization of purchase accounting adjustments over the same period.

Net interest margin was 3.50% for the third quarter of 2016, compared to 3.59% in the second quarter of 2016 and 3.61% in the third quarter of 2015. Third quarter 2016 net interest margin included four basis points related to the net accretion/amortization of purchase accounting adjustments, while the linked quarter and third quarter 2015 margin included four and nine basis points, respectively. Excluding the net accretion/amortization of the purchase accounting adjustments, third quarter 2016 net interest margin of 3.46% declined by nine basis points from the linked quarter, principally due to lower prepayment fees collected in lieu of interest. Net interest margin, excluding the net accretion/amortization of purchase accounting adjustments in the third quarter of 2016, declined by six basis points compared to the third quarter of 2015, primarily due to a moderate decline in average loan and lease yields and a temporary increase in excess cash held at the Federal Reserve during the quarter. In order to counter the asset yield pressure the Company continues to take actions, including pursuing non-interest bearing deposit accounts and adjusting deposit rates to manage to our net interest margin goal of 3.50% or better.

Due to the uncertain nature of prepayments of loans acquired in the Alterra transaction, the net accretion/amortization of purchase accounting adjustments may be a source of volatility in future quarters, but generally with a declining effect on net interest margin. As of September 30, 2016, $512,000 and $150,000 of purchase accounting discounts and premiums, respectively, remained outstanding. Excluding purchase accounting, management expects to maintain a stable net interest margin within the Company’s target range driven by appropriate pricing and its ability to mitigate interest rate risk through the Company’s unique wholesale funding model. Net interest margin may also experience occasional volatility due to events such as loan fees collected in lieu of interest, the collection of interest on loans previously in non-accrual or the accumulation of significant short-term deposit inflows.

Non-interest income totaled $3.6 million for the third quarter of 2016, compared to $5.8 million in the second quarter of 2016 and $4.1 million in the third quarter of 2015. The decreases from the linked quarter and prior year primarily reflect lower gains from SBA loan sales resulting from the Company’s decision to temporarily slow production while making investments to the SBA platform. Gains on the sale of SBA loans totaled $347,000 in the third quarter of 2016, compared to $2.1 million in the linked quarter and $927,000 in the third quarter of 2015. Trust and investment services income totaled a record $1.4 million during the quarter, increasing $113,000, or 9.0%, compared to the same quarter in the prior year and partially offsetting the overall decline in non-interest income. Existing client relationships and business development efforts remained strong as trust assets under management and administration measured a record $1.167 billion at September 30, 2016 compared to $1.134 billion at June 30, 2016 and $978.6 million at September 30, 2015.

Non-interest expense for the third quarter of 2016 was $15.8 million, increasing 17.1% compared to the linked quarter and 31.5% compared to the third quarter of 2015. During the third quarter of 2016, in accordance with the applicable accounting guidance the Company recognized $3.2 million in nonrecurring expense due to impairment of a historic tax credit investment, which corresponded with the recognition of  $3.6 million in tax credits recognized during the quarter, providing a net benefit to after-tax earnings of $430,000. Excluding the impact of the tax credit-related amortization expense, third quarter 2016 non-interest expense totaled $12.5 million, compared to $13.5 million for the second quarter of 2016 and $12.0 million in the prior year quarter. The linked quarter decrease was primarily driven by an $811,000 nonrecurring reduction in compensation costs, reflecting a reduction of the accrual for the 2016 annual incentive bonus plan. This reduction in annual incentive compensation was partially offset by severance expense related to Alterra’s president’s termination in accordance with the previously disclosed employment agreement.

Excluding the impact of tax credit investment impairment expense, the $455,000 increase in total non-interest expense year-over-year primarily reflects an 11.4% increase in full-time equivalent employees to 263 at September 30, 2016 from 236 at September 30, 2015. The Company expects to continue to opportunistically invest in talent to support its strategic growth efforts, both in the form of additional business development and operational staff. The Company produced a third quarter 2016 efficiency ratio of 63.63%, compared to 61.49% for the linked quarter and 64.82% for the third quarter of 2015.

At the end of the third quarter of 2016, the Company took measures to reduce annual operating costs, including the announcement to close four offices, which reduced compensation expense, and the moderation of certain marketing and professional expenses. These measures are designed to better match expenses to the rate of near-term revenue production the Company anticipates from its SBA platform and national and regional trends slowing growth in commercial and industrial lending, with the objective of moving the efficiency ratio back toward the Company’s long-term operating goal of 58-62%.

“Prudent expense management is a critical component of our strategy and our culture, from our limited branch network and unique funding model to strategic investments in talent and technology,” Chambas said. “As we have always done, we are diligently managing our operating costs to align with revenue expectations, while continuing to make investments that grow our business and enhance our ability to serve current and prospective clients.”

In the third quarter of 2016, the Company recorded provision for loan and lease losses totaling $3.5 million, compared to $2.8 million in the linked quarter and $287,000 in the third quarter of 2015. Third quarter 2016 provision primarily reflected a $3.0 million increase in specific reserves and net charge-offs related to the three aforementioned Alterra relationships.

Total charge-offs at Alterra represented $1.7 million, or 100% of the Company’s total charge-offs, for the third quarter of 2016. Including immaterial recoveries from other bank subsidiaries, the Company’s net charge-offs of $1.6 million represented an annualized 0.44% of average loans and leases for the third quarter of 2016. Annualized net charge-offs measured 0.35% and 0.04% of average loans and leases in the linked quarter and third quarter of 2015, respectively. Net charge-offs of $3.1 million represented an annualized 0.28% of average loans and leases for the nine months ended September 30, 2016, compared to $461,000 and 0.05% for the nine months ended September 30, 2015.

The Company routinely evaluates tax strategies to lower its tax liability over time. During the quarter the Company recognized a $3.6 million historic tax credit related to a significant commercial lending relationship. The Company also recognized a corresponding $3.2 million impairment of the underlying tax credit  investment, resulting in a net $430,000 benefit to third quarter 2016 net income. The Company expects the 2016 effective tax rate to return to levels commensurate with expected full year taxable income.

Balance Sheet

Period-end gross loans and leases receivable grew to $1.458 billion at September 30, 2016, increasing $6.5 million, or 0.4%, from June 30, 2016 and $81.1 million, or 5.9%, from September 30, 2015. On an average basis, gross loans and leases of $1.461 billion increased by $98.3 million, or 7.2%, compared to the third quarter of 2015. The pace of overall loan growth has slowed in recent quarters, primarily due to elevated payoffs and muted demand across much of the Company’s markets in Madison and Kansas City, offset by strong traction in the Milwaukee market.

Period-end in-market deposits - consisting of all transaction accounts, money market accounts and non-wholesale deposits - totaled $1.117 billion, or 71.3% of total deposits, at September 30, 2016. Period-end wholesale deposits were $449.2 million at September 30, 2016, consisting of brokered certificates of deposit and deposits gathered through internet deposit listing services of $378.4 million and $70.8 million, respectively. In order to reduce interest-rate risk, the Company uses wholesale deposits to efficiently match-fund fixed rate loans. Over time, management expects to maintain a ratio of in-market deposits to total deposits in line with the Company's recent historical range of 60%-70%.

Asset Quality

Management continues to believe the Company’s credit culture is a core competency which differentiates First Business from other banks. However, in the second and third quarters of 2016, deterioration in particular credits originated at Alterra had a significant impact on the Company’s loan loss provision and non-performing asset levels at September 30, 2016. Subsequently, management has taken steps to enhance policies, processes, controls, training, talent and reporting structures to ensure future lending meets the high standards long established within the First Business franchise.

Non-performing assets at Alterra represented $14.4 million, or 53% of the Company's total non–performing assets, at September 30, 2016. First Business’s total non-performing assets were $27.2 million at September 30, 2016, increasing by $3.0 million, or 12.4%, compared to $24.2 million at June 30, 2016 and increasing by $15.9 million, or 140.2%, compared to $11.3 million at September 30, 2015. Alterra non-performing assets increased $3.3 million and $10.1 million, respectively, during the same periods of comparison. As a percent of total assets, non-performing assets measured 1.54% at September 30, 2016, compared to 1.33% and 0.65% at the end of the linked quarter and third quarter of 2015, respectively.

As of September 30, 2016, the Company’s direct exposure to the energy sector was $6.7 million, or 0.46% of total gross loans and leases, with no remaining unfunded commitments. This reflects a decrease of $333,000, or 4.7%, compared to the linked quarter entirely due to payments received. The associated reserve for loan and lease losses related to this portfolio was 23.31% of total loans at September 30, 2016, compared to 20.43% at June 30, 2016. Of this population, $5.7 million was considered non-performing as of September 30, 2016. After considering specific reserves, management believes the portfolio is adequately collateralized as of the end of the reporting period.

Capital Strength

The Company's earnings continue to generate capital and its capital ratios exceed the highest required regulatory benchmark levels. As of September 30, 2016, total capital to risk-weighted assets was 11.44%, tier 1 capital to risk-weighted assets was 9.02%, tier 1 capital to average assets was 8.75% and common equity tier 1 capital to risk-weighted assets was 8.45%.

Quarterly Dividend

As previously announced, during the third quarter of 2016 the Company's Board of Directors declared a regular quarterly dividend of $0.12 per share. The dividend was paid on August 25, 2016 to shareholders of record at the close of business on August 11, 2016. Measured against third quarter 2016 diluted earnings per share of $0.29, the dividend represents a 41.4% payout ratio. The Board of Directors routinely considers dividend declarations as part of its normal course of business.

About First Business Financial Services, Inc.

First Business Financial Services, Inc. (NASDAQ:FBIZ) is a Wisconsin-based bank holding company focused on the unique needs of businesses, business executives and high net worth individuals. First Business offers commercial banking, specialty finance and private wealth management solutions, and because of its niche focus, is able to provide its clients with unmatched expertise, accessibility and responsiveness. For additional information, visit www.firstbusiness.com or call 608-238-8008.      

This release may include forward-looking statements as defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, which reflect First Business’s current views with respect to future events and financial performance. Forward-looking statements are not based on historical information, but rather are related to future operations, strategies, financial results or other developments. Forward-looking statements are based on management’s expectations as well as certain assumptions and estimates made by, and information available to, management at the time the statements are made. Those statements are based on general assumptions and are subject to various risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause actual results to differ materially from the views, beliefs and projections expressed in such statements. Such statements are subject to risks and uncertainties, including among other things:

  • Competitive pressures among depository and other financial institutions nationally and in our markets.
  • Adverse changes in local, national and international economic and business conditions.
  • Increases in defaults by borrowers and other delinquencies.
  • Our inability to manage growth effectively, including the successful expansion of our client service, administrative infrastructure and internal management information systems.
  • Fluctuations in interest rates and market prices.
  • The consequences of continued bank acquisitions and mergers in our market areas, resulting in fewer but much larger and financially stronger competitors.
  • Changes in legislative or regulatory requirements applicable to us and our subsidiaries.
  • Changes in tax requirements, including tax rate changes, new tax laws and revised tax law interpretations.
  • Fraud, including client and system failure or breaches of our network security, including with respect to our internet banking activities.
  • Failure to comply with applicable SBA regulations in order to maintain the eligibility of the guaranteed portion of SBA loans could lead to significant losses from denial of the guaranty.

For further information about the factors that could affect the Company’s future results, please see the Company’s 2015 annual report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

SELECTED FINANCIAL CONDITION DATA

   
(Unaudited) As of
(in thousands) September 30,
 2016
 June 30,
 2016
 March 31,
 2016
 December 31,
 2015
 September 30,
 2015
ASSETS          
Cash and cash equivalents $68,764  $131,611  $104,854  $113,564  $122,671 
Securities available-for-sale, at fair value 154,480  137,692  140,823  140,548  143,729 
Securities held-to-maturity, at amortized cost 35,109  36,167  36,485  37,282  38,364 
Loans held for sale 2,627  5,548  1,697  2,702  2,910 
Loans and leases receivable 1,458,297  1,451,815  1,448,586  1,430,965  1,377,172 
Allowance for loan and lease losses (20,067) (18,154) (16,684) (16,316) (15,359)
Loans and leases, net 1,438,230  1,433,661  1,431,902  1,414,649  1,361,813 
Premises and equipment, net 3,898  3,969  3,868  3,954  3,889 
Foreclosed properties 1,527  1,548  1,677  1,677  1,632 
Bank-owned life insurance 29,028  28,784  28,541  28,298  28,029 
Federal Home Loan Bank and Federal Reserve Bank stock, at cost 2,165  2,163  2,734  2,843  2,843 
Goodwill and other intangible assets 12,762  12,923  12,606  12,493  12,244 
Accrued interest receivable and other assets 23,848  25,003  24,945  24,071  25,203 
Total assets $1,772,438  $1,819,069  $1,790,132  $1,782,081  $1,743,327 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY          
In-market deposits $1,116,974  $1,130,890  $1,105,633  $1,089,748  $1,062,753 
Wholesale deposits 449,225  477,054  475,955  487,483  476,617 
Total deposits 1,566,199  1,607,944  1,581,588  1,577,231  1,539,370 
Federal Home Loan Bank and other borrowings 29,946  33,570  35,011  34,740  35,856 
Junior subordinated notes 10,001  9,997  9,993  9,990  9,987 
Accrued interest payable and other liabilities 6,361  9,164  8,341  9,288  10,147 
Total liabilities 1,612,507  1,660,675  1,634,933  1,631,249  1,595,360 
Total stockholders’ equity 159,931  158,394  155,199  150,832  147,967 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity $1,772,438  $1,819,069  $1,790,132  $1,782,081  $1,743,327 
                     

STATEMENTS OF INCOME

     
(Unaudited) As of and for the Three Months Ended As of and for the Nine Months Ended
 

(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
 September 30,
 2016
 June 30,
 2016
 March 31,
 2016
 December 31,
 2015
 September 30,
 2015
 September 30,
 2016
 September 30,
 2015
Total interest income $18,898  $19,555  $19,343  $18,600  $18,135  $57,796  $53,871 
Total interest expense 3,603  3,814  3,804  3,688  3,525  11,221  10,143 
Net interest income 15,295  15,741  15,539  14,912  14,610  46,575  43,728 
Provision for loan and lease losses 3,537  2,762  525  1,895  287  6,824  1,491 
Net interest income after provision for loan and lease losses 11,758  12,979  15,014  13,017  14,323  39,751  42,237 
Trust and investment services fee income 1,364  1,344  1,273  1,217  1,251  3,981  3,737 
Gain on sale of SBA loans 347  2,131  1,376  1,725  927  3,854  2,274 
Gain on sale of residential mortgage loans 198  198  145  115  244  540  614 
Service charges on deposits 772  733  742  718  705  2,247  2,094 
Loan fees 506  676  609  700  486  1,791  1,487 
Other non-interest income 453  741  449  460  489  1,644  1,870 
Total non-interest income 3,640  5,823  4,594  4,935  4,102  14,057  12,076 
Compensation 7,637  8,447  8,370  6,945  7,320  24,454  21,598 
Occupancy 530  500  508  501  486  1,538  1,472 
Professional fees 1,065  961  861  1,121  1,268  2,888  3,661 
Data processing 623  697  651  606  587  1,971  1,772 
Marketing 528  448  734  549  693  1,710  2,036 
Equipment 292  341  280  316  308  913  914 
FDIC Insurance 444  254  291  227  260  989  693 
Collateral liquidation costs 89  68  47  70  22  204  402 
Net loss (gain) on foreclosed properties   93    7  (163) 93  (178)
Merger-related costs             111 
Impairment of tax credit investments 3,314  94  112      3,520   
Other non-interest expense 1,231  1,555  845  1,342  1,203  3,630  3,209 
Total non-interest expense 15,753  13,458  12,699  11,684  11,984  41,910  35,690 
(Loss) income before income tax expense (355) 5,344  6,909  6,268  6,441  11,898  18,623 
Income tax (benefit) expense (2,895) 1,628  2,362  2,185  2,060  1,095  6,192 
Net income $2,540  $3,716  $4,547  $4,083  $4,381  $10,803  $12,431 
               
Per common share:              
Basic earnings $0.29  $0.43  $0.52  $0.47  $0.50  $1.24  $1.43 
Diluted earnings 0.29  0.43  0.52  0.47  0.50  1.24  1.43 
Dividends declared 0.12  0.12  0.12  0.11  0.11  0.36  0.33 
Book value 18.35  18.20  17.84  17.34  17.01  18.35  17.01 
Tangible book value 16.88  16.71  16.39  15.90  15.60  16.88  15.60 
Weighted-average common shares outstanding(1) 8,582,836  8,566,718  8,565,050  8,558,810  8,546,563  8,569,613  8,538,219 
Weighted-average diluted common shares outstanding(1) 8,582,836  8,566,718  8,565,050  8,558,810  8,546,563  8,569,613  8,539,705 
                      

(1) Excluding participating securities

NET INTEREST INCOME ANALYSIS

   
(Unaudited) For the Three Months Ended
(Dollars in thousands) September 30, 2016 June 30, 2016 September 30, 2015
  Average
balance
 Interest Average
yield/rate(4)
 Average
balance
 Interest Average
yield/rate(4)
 Average
balance
 Interest Average
yield/rate(4)
Interest-earning assets                  
Commercial real estate and other mortgage loans(1) $947,167  $10,656  4.50% $933,681  $10,980  4.70% $856,488  $9,994  4.67%
Commercial and industrial loans(1) 459,871  6,651  5.79% 469,888  7,100  6.04% 454,184  6,741  5.94%
Direct financing leases(1) 30,231  341  4.51% 30,977  355  4.58% 28,352  328  4.63%
Consumer and other loans(1) 23,662  368  6.22% 25,675  266  4.14% 23,647  260  4.40%
Total loans and leases receivable(1) 1,460,931  18,016  4.93% 1,460,221  18,701  5.12% 1,362,671  17,323  5.09%
Mortgage-related securities(2) 149,414  567  1.52% 142,443  556  1.56% 152,763  602  1.57%
Other investment securities(3) 34,042  131  1.54% 32,169  126  1.57% 30,431  120  1.58%
FHLB and FRB stock 2,163  21  3.88% 2,485  19  3.06% 3,175  22  2.69%
Short-term investments 103,549  163  0.63% 117,180  153  0.52% 67,716  68  0.41%
Total interest-earning assets 1,750,099  18,898  4.32% 1,754,498  19,555  4.46% 1,616,756  18,135  4.49%
Non-interest-earning assets 67,884      70,947      100,023     
Total assets $1,817,983      $1,825,445      $1,716,779     
Interest-bearing liabilities                  
Transaction accounts $182,743  113  0.25% $147,095  71  0.19% $138,489  84  0.24%
Money market 632,415  758  0.48% 674,015  868  0.52% 587,063  829  0.56%
Certificates of deposit 63,581  152  0.96% 65,619  144  0.88% 102,477  204  0.80%
Wholesale deposits 465,273  1,847  1.59% 471,707  1,955  1.66% 466,516  1,668  1.43%
Total interest-bearing deposits 1,344,012  2,870  0.85% 1,358,436  3,038  0.89% 1,294,545  2,785  0.86%
FHLB advances 4,991  18  1.44% 14,338  31  0.86% 17,503  30  0.67%
Other borrowings 24,976  435  6.97% 28,510  468  6.57% 24,645  430  6.98%
Junior subordinated notes 9,998  280  11.20% 9,995  278  11.13% 9,984  280  11.22%
Total interest-bearing liabilities 1,383,977  3,603  1.04% 1,411,279  3,815  1.08% 1,346,677  3,525  1.05%
Non-interest-bearing demand deposit accounts 263,627      246,604      213,712     
Other non-interest-bearing liabilities 11,098      9,944      9,520     
Total liabilities 1,658,702      1,667,827      1,569,909     
Stockholders’ equity 159,281      157,618      146,870     
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity $1,817,983      $1,825,445      $1,716,779     
Net interest income   $15,295      $15,740      $14,610   
Interest rate spread     3.28%     3.38%     3.44%
Net interest-earning assets $366,122      $343,219      $270,079     
Net interest margin     3.50%     3.59%     3.61%
                      

(1) The average balances of loans and leases include non-performing loans and leases and loans held for sale. Interest income related to non-performing loans and leases is recognized when collected. Interest income includes net loan fees collected in lieu of interest.
(2) Includes amortized cost basis of assets available for sale and held to maturity.
(3) Yields on tax-exempt municipal obligations are not presented on a tax-equivalent basis in this table. 
(4) Represents annualized yields/rates.

NET INTEREST INCOME ANALYSIS (CONTINUED)

   
(Unaudited) For the Nine Months Ended
(Dollars in thousands) September 30, 2016 September 30, 2015
  Average
balance
 Interest Average
yield/rate(4)
 Average
balance
 Interest Average
yield/rate(4)
Interest-earning assets            
Commercial real estate and other mortgage loans(1) $934,615  $32,366  4.62% $832,042  $29,535  4.73%
Commercial and industrial loans(1) 466,729  20,833  5.95% 440,390  19,973  6.05%
Direct financing leases(1) 30,683  1,039  4.51% 30,229  1,053  4.64%
Consumer and other loans(1) 25,581  923  4.81% 24,213  767  4.22%
Total loans and leases receivable(1) 1,457,608  55,161  5.04% 1,326,874  51,328  5.16%
Mortgage-related securities(2) 145,599  1,721  1.58% 154,734  1,896  1.63%
Other investment securities(3) 32,518  381  1.56% 29,213  350  1.60%
FHLB and FRB stock 2,482  61  3.28% 2,902  60  2.74%
Short-term investments 107,369  472  0.59% 75,469  237  0.42%
Total interest-earning assets 1,745,576  57,796  4.41% 1,589,192  53,871  4.52%
Non-interest-earning assets 75,969      96,032     
Total assets $1,821,545      $1,685,224     
Interest-bearing liabilities            
Transaction accounts $164,278  273  0.22% $117,242  205  0.23%
Money market 650,864  2,453  0.50% 605,906  2,523  0.56%
Certificates of deposit 67,440  446  0.88% 112,602  643  0.76%
Wholesale deposits 478,038  5,789  1.61% 439,744  4,576  1.39%
Total interest-bearing deposits 1,360,620  8,961  0.88% 1,275,494  7,947  0.83%
FHLB advances 8,941  68  1.01% 16,569  85  0.68%
Other borrowings 26,982  1,357  6.71% 24,425  1,279  7.08%
Junior subordinated notes 10,101  835  11.02% 9,981  832  11.12%
Total interest-bearing liabilities 1,406,644  11,221  1.06% 1,326,469  10,143  1.02%
Non-interest-bearing demand deposit accounts 246,238      206,547     
Other non-interest-bearing liabilities 11,126      8,646     
Total liabilities 1,664,008      1,541,662     
Stockholders’ equity 157,537      143,562     
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity $1,821,545      $1,685,224     
Net interest income   $46,575      $43,728   
Interest rate spread     3.35%     3.50%
Net interest-earning assets $338,932      $262,723     
Net interest margin     3.56%     3.67%
               

(1) The average balances of loans and leases include non-performing loans and leases and loans held for sale. Interest income related to non-performing loans and leases is recognized when collected. Interest income includes net loan fees collected in lieu of interest.
(2) Includes amortized cost basis of assets available for sale and held to maturity.
(3) Yields on tax-exempt municipal obligations are not presented on a tax-equivalent basis in this table. 
(4) Represents annualized yields/rates.

SELECTED FINANCIAL TRENDS

PERFORMANCE RATIOS

     
  For the Three Months Ended For the Nine Months Ended
(Unaudited) September 30,
 2016
 June 30,
 2016
 March 31,
 2016
 December 31,
 2015
 September 30,
 2015
 September 30,
 2016
 September 30,
 2015
Return on average assets (annualized) 0.56% 0.81% 1.00% 0.93% 1.02% 0.79% 0.98%
Return on average equity (annualized) 6.38% 9.43% 11.68% 10.85% 11.93% 9.14% 11.55%
Efficiency ratio 63.63% 61.49% 62.44% 58.75% 64.82% 62.47% 64.18%
Interest rate spread 3.28% 3.38% 3.40% 3.43% 3.44% 3.35% 3.50%
Net interest margin 3.50% 3.59% 3.59% 3.63% 3.61% 3.56% 3.67%
Average interest-earning assets to average interest-bearing liabilities 126.45% 124.32% 121.62% 120.98% 120.05% 124.10% 119.81%
                      

ASSET QUALITY RATIOS

   
(Unaudited) As of
(Dollars in thousands) September 30,
 2016
 June 30,
 2016
 March 31,
 2016
 December 31,
 2015
 September 30,
 2015
Non-performing loans and leases $25,712  $22,680  $17,861  $22,298  $9,707 
Foreclosed properties 1,527  1,548  1,677  1,677  1,632 
Total non-performing assets 27,239  24,228  19,538  23,975  11,339 
Performing troubled debt restructurings 732  788  1,628  1,735  7,852 
Total impaired assets $27,971  $25,016  $21,166  $25,710  $19,191 
           
Non-performing loans and leases as a percent of total gross loans and leases 1.76% 1.56% 1.23% 1.56% 0.70%
Non-performing assets as a percent of total gross loans and leases plus foreclosed properties 1.86% 1.67% 1.35% 1.67% 0.82%
Non-performing assets as a percent of total assets 1.54% 1.33% 1.09% 1.35% 0.65%
Allowance for loan and lease losses as a percent of total gross loans and leases 1.37% 1.25% 1.15% 1.14% 1.12%
Allowance for loan and lease losses as a percent of non-performing loans 78.05% 80.04% 93.41% 73.17% 158.23%
           
Criticized assets:          
Special mention $  $  $  $  $ 
Substandard 32,135  25,723  33,875  26,797  11,144 
Doubtful          
Foreclosed properties 1,527  1,548  1,677  1,677  1,632 
Total criticized assets $33,662  $27,271  $35,552  $28,474  $12,776 
Criticized assets to total assets 1.90% 1.50% 1.99% 1.60% 0.73%
                

NET CHARGE-OFFS (RECOVERIES)

     
(Unaudited) For the Three Months Ended For the Nine Months Ended
(Dollars in thousands) September 30,
 2016
 June 30,
 2016
 March 31,
 2016
 December 31,
 2015
 September 30,
 2015
 September 30,
 2016
 September 30,
 2015
Charge-offs $1,656  $1,350  $244  $967  $138  $3,250  $546 
Recoveries (32) (58) (87) (29) (11) (177) (85)
Net charge-offs $1,624  $1,292  $157  $938  $127  $3,073  $461 
Net charge-offs as a percent of average gross loans and leases (annualized) 0.44% 0.35% 0.04% 0.27% 0.04% 0.28% 0.05%
                      

CAPITAL RATIOS

   
  As of and for the Three Months Ended
(Unaudited) September 30,
 2016
 June 30,
 2016
 March 31,
 2016
 December 31,
 2015
 September 30,
 2015
Total capital to risk-weighted assets 11.44% 11.44% 11.24% 11.11% 11.29%
Tier I capital to risk-weighted assets 9.02% 9.08% 8.96% 8.81% 8.95%
Common equity tier I capital to risk-weighted assets 8.45% 8.50% 8.37% 8.22% 8.34%
Tier I capital to adjusted assets 8.75% 8.63% 8.44% 8.63% 8.59%
Tangible common equity to tangible assets 8.36% 8.05% 8.02% 7.81% 7.84%
                

SELECTED OTHER INFORMATION

Loan and Lease Receivable Composition

   
  As of
(Unaudited) September 30,
 2016
 June 30,
 2016
 March 31,
 2016
 December 31,
 2015
 September 30,
 2015
(Dollars in thousands)          
Commercial real estate          
Commercial real estate - owner occupied $169,170  $167,936  $174,286  $176,322  $168,695 
Commercial real estate - non-owner occupied 483,540  502,378  441,539  436,901  416,421 
Construction 110,426  88,339  117,825  100,625  99,497 
Land development 60,348  60,599  61,953  59,779  58,154 
Multi-family 73,081  73,239  84,004  80,254  90,514 
1-4 family 46,341  47,289  50,923  50,304  44,169 
Total commercial real estate 942,906  939,780  930,530  904,185  877,450 
Commercial and industrial 464,920  456,297  461,573  472,193  449,204 
Direct financing leases, net 29,638  30,698  31,617  31,093  28,958 
Consumer and other          
Home equity and second mortgages 5,390  7,372  7,366  8,237  8,908 
Other 16,610  18,743  18,510  16,319  13,809 
Total consumer and other 22,000  26,115  25,876  24,556  22,717 
Total gross loans and leases receivable 1,459,464  1,452,890  1,449,596  1,432,027  1,378,329 
Less:          
Allowance for loan and lease losses 20,067  18,154  16,684  16,316  15,359 
Deferred loan fees 1,167  1,075  1,010  1,062  1,157 
Loans and leases receivable, net $1,438,230  $1,433,661  $1,431,902  $1,414,649  $1,361,813 
                     

SELECTED OTHER INFORMATION (CONTINUED)

Deposit Composition

   
  As of
(Unaudited) September 30,
 2016
 June 30,
 2016
 March 31,
 2016
 December 31,
 2015
 September 30,
 2015
(Dollars in thousands)          
Non-interest-bearing transaction accounts $258,423  $243,370  $236,662  $231,199  $222,497 
Interest-bearing transaction accounts 192,482  151,865  154,351  165,921  155,814 
Money market accounts 603,872  671,420  646,336  612,642  591,190 
Certificates of deposit 62,197  64,235  68,284  79,986  93,252 
Wholesale deposits 449,225  477,054  475,955  487,483  476,617 
Total deposits $1,566,199  $1,607,944  $1,581,588  $1,577,231  $1,539,370 
                     

Trust Assets

   
(Unaudited) As of
(in thousands) September 30,
 2016
 June 30,
 2016
 March 31,
 2016
 December 31,
 2015
 September 30,
 2015
Trust assets under management $935,584  $906,239  $896,414  $817,926  $791,150 
Trust assets under administration 231,825  227,864  210,357  203,181  187,495 
Total trust assets $1,167,409  $1,134,103  $1,106,771  $1,021,107  $978,645 
                     

NON-GAAP RECONCILIATIONS

Certain financial information provided in this release is determined by methods other than in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (United States) (“GAAP”).  Although the Company believes that these non-GAAP financial measures provide a greater understanding of its business, these measures are not necessarily comparable to similar measures that may be presented by other companies.

TANGIBLE BOOK VALUE

“Tangible book value per share” is a non-GAAP measure representing tangible common equity divided by total common shares outstanding.  “Tangible common equity” itself is a non-GAAP measure representing common stockholders’ equity reduced by intangible assets, if any.  The Company’s management believes that this measure is important to many investors in the marketplace who are interested in period-to-period changes in book value per common share exclusive of changes in intangible assets.  The information provided below reconciles tangible book value per share and tangible common equity to their most comparable GAAP measures.

   
(Unaudited) As of
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts) September 30,
 2016
 June 30,
 2016
 March 31,
 2016
 December 31,
 2015
 September 30,
 2015
Common stockholders’ equity $159,931  $158,394  $155,199  $150,832  $147,967 
Goodwill and other intangible assets (12,762) (12,923) (12,606) (12,493) (12,244)
Tangible common equity $147,169  $145,471  $142,593  $138,339  $135,723 
Common shares outstanding 8,717,299  8,703,942  8,700,172  8,699,410  8,698,755 
Book value per share $18.35  $18.20  $17.84  $17.34  $17.01 
Tangible book value per share 16.88  16.71  16.39  15.90  15.60 
                

TANGIBLE COMMON EQUITY TO TANGIBLE ASSETS

‘‘Tangible common equity to tangible assets’’ is defined as the ratio of common stockholders’ equity reduced by intangible assets, if any, divided by total assets reduced by intangible assets, if any.  The Company’s management believes that this measure is important to many investors in the marketplace who are interested in the relative changes from period to period in common equity and total assets, each exclusive of changes in intangible assets.  The information below reconciles tangible common equity and tangible assets to their most comparable GAAP measures.

   
(Unaudited) As of
(Dollars in thousands) September 30,
 2016
 June 30,
 2016
 March 31,
 2016
 December 31,
 2015
 September 30,
 2015
Common stockholders’ equity $159,931  $158,394  $155,199  $150,832  $147,967 
Goodwill and other intangible assets (12,762) (12,923) (12,606) (12,493) (12,244)
Tangible common equity $147,169  $145,471  $142,593  $138,339  $135,723 
Total assets $1,772,438  $1,819,069  $1,790,132  $1,782,081  $1,743,327 
Goodwill and other intangible assets (12,762) (12,923) (12,606) (12,493) (12,244)
Tangible assets $1,759,676  $1,806,146  $1,777,526  $1,769,588  $1,731,083 
Tangible common equity to tangible assets 8.36% 8.05% 8.02% 7.82% 7.84%
                

EFFICIENCY RATIO

“Efficiency ratio” is a non-GAAP measure representing non-interest expense excluding the effects of losses or gains on foreclosed properties, other discrete items that are unrelated to the Company’s primary business activities and amortization of other intangible assets, if any, divided by operating revenue, which is equal to net interest income plus non-interest income less realized gains or losses on securities, if any.  In the judgment of the Company’s management, the adjustments made to non-interest expense and operating revenue allow investors and analysts to better assess the Company’s operating expenses in relation to its core operating revenue by removing the volatility that is associated with certain one-time items and other discrete items that are unrelated to its business.  The information provided below reconciles the efficiency ratio to its most comparable GAAP measure. 

     
(Unaudited) For the Three Months Ended For the Nine Months Ended
(Dollars in thousands) September 30,
 2016
 June 30,
 2016
 March 31,
 2016
 December 31,
 2015
 September 30,
 2015
 September 30,
 2016
 September 30,
 2015
Total non-interest expense $15,753  $13,458  $12,699  $11,684  $11,984  $41,910  $35,690 
Less:              
Net loss (gain) on foreclosed properties   93    7  (163) 93  (178)
Amortization of other intangible assets 16  16  16  17  18  48  55
 
Recourse reserve 375          375   
Impairment of tax credit investments 3,314  94  112      3,520   
Total operating expense $12,048  $13,255  $12,571  $11,660  $12,129  $37,874  $35,813 
Net interest income $15,295  $15,741  $15,539  $14,912  $14,610  $46,575  $43,728 
Total non-interest income 3,640  5,823  4,594  4,935  4,102  14,057  12,076 
Less:              
Gain on sale of securities   7        7   
Total operating revenue $18,935  $21,557  $20,133  $19,847  $18,712  $60,625  $55,804 
Efficiency ratio 63.63% 61.49% 62.44% 58.75% 64.82% 62.47% 64.18%


CONTACT:
First Business Financial Services, Inc.
Edward G. Sloane, Jr.
Chief Financial Officer
608-232-5970
esloane@firstbusiness.com

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Source: First Business Financial Services